Autism is a clinical neurodevelopmental condition that affects the growth and development of the brain. It’s a chronic disease with symptoms usually appearing at childhood. Autism manifests itself to someone in certain ways. E.g.
· Inability to create social relationships
· Strong interest in one thing, topic or a subject
· Unusual sharp reactions to their senses
· Preference of habits and routines, disliking change altogether.
Autism can also affect the individuals’ interaction and experience with the world.
The Autism Spectrum
According to Professor Stephen Shore, he suggested that if you came across one person on the autism spectrum, you could potentially have met only one person on that spectrum. This implies that no two people on the autism spectrum are alike in the signs they present and their autistic experiences. Here is a video explaining some of the things you can expect with a diagnosis of autism.
It should be noted that there is no identification marker for an autistic person, they are no different than any other person. Parents have been known to think and suggest that their child may be poorly behaved. This is not the case and it can be damaging to the child in question, further aggravating the situation.
Not only children are affected but also adults on the autism spectrum, struggle with certain social interactions and engaging in certain ‘small talk’, this makes other people think them rude. This has forced them to keep to themselves and avoid engaging with people. They may also have challenges expressing themselves in both verbal and non-verbal forms of communication.
Secondary Autism Conditions and Difficulties
Aside from the primary signs, some people experience other conditions also. They include:
· Speech and language communication difficulties
· Handicapped intellect
· Insomnia and sleep-related problems
· Attention disorders
· Handicapped motor skills
· Anxiety coupled with depression
Autism Spectrum Facts
Facts presented by the autism spectrum include;
· In males autism is diagnosed 4 times more than females
· There is no cure for autism, it is a lifelong condition needing management and tolerance
· Unemployment rate for autistic people is around 65% compared to 6% value for the whole population
On the flipside, early diagnosis and interventions can have beneficial results in providing aid to those affected ensuring they lead normal lives and achieve their full potential. In the case of older individuals, meaningful support from family and friends, and advice and information related to their conditions should be provided to enable them to live quality lives.
Causes of Autism
There is no known cause of autism. However, research is currently underway to shed more light on this condition. As it stands, it is believed to be caused by the developmental changes of the brain growth process during fetal development, possibly due to environmental and genetic factors.