Autism and the Autism Spectrum

Autism and the Autism Spectrum

Autism is a clinical neurodevelopmental condition that affects the growth and development of the brain. It’s a chronic disease with symptoms usually appearing at childhood. Autism manifests itself to someone in certain ways. E.g.

· Inability to create social relationships

· Strong interest in one thing, topic or a subject

· Unusual sharp reactions to their senses

· Preference of habits and routines, disliking change altogether.

Autism can also affect the individuals’ interaction and experience with the world.

The Autism Spectrum

According to Professor Stephen Shore, he suggested that if you came across one person on the autism spectrum, you could potentially have met only one person on that spectrum. This implies that no two people on the autism spectrum are alike in the signs they present and their autistic experiences.  Here is a video explaining some of the things you can expect with a diagnosis of autism.

It should be noted that there is no identification marker for an autistic person, they are no different than any other person. Parents have been known to think and suggest that their child may be poorly behaved. This is not the case and it can be damaging to the child in question, further aggravating the situation.

Not only children are affected but also adults on the autism spectrum, struggle with certain social interactions and engaging in certain ‘small talk’, this makes other people think them rude. This has forced them to keep to themselves and avoid engaging with people. They may also have challenges expressing themselves in both verbal and non-verbal forms of communication.

Secondary Autism Conditions and Difficulties

Aside from the primary signs, some people experience other conditions also. They include:

· Speech and language communication difficulties

· Handicapped intellect

· Insomnia and sleep-related problems

· Attention disorders

· Epilepsy

· Handicapped motor skills

· Anxiety coupled with depression

Autism Spectrum Facts

Facts presented by the autism spectrum include;

· In every 100 people, 1 is autistic

· In males autism is diagnosed 4 times more than females

· There is no cure for autism, it is a lifelong condition needing management and tolerance

· Unemployment rate for autistic people is around 65% compared to 6% value for the whole population

On the flipside, early diagnosis and interventions can have beneficial results in providing aid to those affected ensuring they lead normal lives and achieve their full potential. In the case of older individuals, meaningful support from family and friends, and advice and information related to their conditions should be provided to enable them to live quality lives.

Causes of Autism

There is no known cause of autism. However, research is currently underway to shed more light on this condition. As it stands, it is believed to be caused by the developmental changes of the brain growth process during fetal development, possibly due to environmental and genetic factors.

Create an Optimal Learning Environment for Your Child with Autism

Create an Optimal Learning Environment for Your Child with Autism

Autism is a mental condition that develops from childhood and makes it difficult for patients to communicate and form relationships with other people. It also sets patients back in comparison to their neurologically typical peers.

Understanding the effects of Autism

Studies show that the manner by which neurons are connected in autism patients’ brain can cause a low signal-to-noise ratio. Basically, this means that most of the signals communicated by the brain cells are accompanied with noise. This is one of the reasons children with autism find it hard to focus on one of two different information sources. For instance, children with autism will find it hard to focus on a teacher while the class is noisy.

As children are growing, they are taking in so much information at once; therefore prompting them to sort through the information for what is important at a point in time. According to researchers, people with autism process the information much later than typical neurological people. As a result of the amount of information they will need to process, something called “processing-bottleneck” occurs. The fact is brain regions structured for lower-order processing are more active than those structured for high-order processing. Autism patients depend on the high-order processing regions. This is why children with autism spend more time dealing with basic information that their neurologically typical mates process in no time. As a result of this lack, the brain of a child with autism grows differently from that of his/her neurologically typical mate.

Creating an Optimal Learning Environment for Children with Autism

To ensure your child does not end up retarded or far behind his/her mates, you have to find a way to treat and minimize the effects of autism. A very effective way to doing this is providing an optimal learning environment from them. Here are some steps to achieve optimal learning environments for children with autism:

· Dedicate a special room in your home to children with autism. It could be any room; the most important thing is it is solely for that child.

· Remove all electronic toys that can distract their attention in that room. This includes video-games, televisions and the rest.

· Make use of incandescent light bulbs in place of fluorescents. This is because the flickering of fluorescent bulbs can be very distracting to people with autism.

· Decrease the amount of toys available in that room; possibly place them out of reach.

· Lastly, schedule comprehensive learning windows and try to assist them through the whole learning process.